Bakeneko (化け猫?, “monster-cat”), in Japanese folklore, refers to cat yōkai (spiritual beings) with supernatural abilities akin to those of the kitsune (fox) or tanuki (raccoon dog). There are a number of superstitions that detail how ordinary cat may transform into a bakeneko. Bakeneko then haunt and menace their household.
A bakeneko with a forked tail is referred to as a nekomata (猫又?, or 猫股 “forked-cat”). The popular good luck totem, the Maneki Neko (招き猫?, “Beckoning Cat”)found in shop fronts, is also a type of bakeneko. 
Most of the stories about the bakeneko are told orally in Japan.